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ICOMOS - International Symposium

Cultural Heritage
Astronomical Observatories (around 1900)
From Classical Astronomy to Modern Astrophysics

Astronomiepark Hamburger Sternwarte (Map)

Gojenbergsweg 112, D-21029 Hamburg (Map)
Astronomy Park Hamburg Observatory

and Haus im Park Hamburg-Bergedorf

14. to 17. October 2008

organised by
Gudrun Wolfschmidt

Programm (PDF)

Poster



Programme - Invited Speakers - Topics - Hamburg Observatory - Links



Organisation

Bergedorf Map - Registration - Abstracts - Booklet of AbstractsPDF
Advice to speakers - Proceedings

Hotels in Hamburg - Restaurants in Hamburg

Public Transportation (HVV) in Hamburg - HVV Timetable
Hamburg Map - Hamburg Tourist


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Cooperation:

  • ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites)
  • Behörde für Kultur, Sport und Medien
  • Hamburg University
  • Institute for History of Science and Technology
  • Denkmalschutzamt (monument protection office)


Scientific Committee


Funding for the ICOMOS-Symposium was provided by:


Programme of the Symposium

Translation of the lectures into German is provided.


Tuesday, 14. October 2008 - Evening



Wednesday, 15. October 2008

  • 10 h - Haus im Park, Gräpelweg 8, 21029 Hamburg-Bergedorf, Seminarraum - Bergedorf Map

    1. Opening of the Symposium (Eröffnung des Symposiums)

    • Grußworte (Welcome address) Frau Senatorin Dr. Herlind Gundelach
      Präses der Behörde für Wissenschaft und Forschung
      (Senator for Science and Research)
    • Grußworte (Welcome address) Frank Pieter Hesse
      Leiter des Denkmalschutzamtes Hamburg
    • Introduction:
      Prof. Rajesh Kochhar, Chandigarh, India
      (Org Secy IAU Commission 41 ``History of Astronomy'')
      Astronomical Heritage: Towards a global perspective and action
    • Opening lecture
      Prof. Dr. Michael Petzet, München,
      Präsident des Deutschen Nationalkomitees von ICOMOS


    Haus im Park, Hauni Stiftung Hamburg-Bergedorf

    12 - 14 h - Reception

  • 14 - 16 h - Haus im Park in Bergedorf

    2. From Classical Astronomy to Modern Astrophysics

    Chairperson: Gloria Clifton, Greenwich, UK

    • Gudrun Wolfschmidt, Hamburg, Germany:
      Cultural Heritage of Observatories and Instruments -
      From Classical Astronomy to Modern Astrophysics
    • Viktor Abalakin, St. Petersburg, Russia:
      The Pulkovo Observatory on the Centuries' Borderline
    • Suzanne Débarbat, Paris, France
      At the Belle Epoque, astronomy and astrophysics
      at the Observatoire de Paris
    • Pedro Chalbaud, Mérida, Venezuela:
      The Truncated Modernization (1950-1959):
      Eduardo Röhl and the Observatories of Cagigal and Hamburg
      - A look from the outside
    • Coffee break

  • 16 h - Hamburg Observatory in Bergedorf

    3. Hamburg Observatory - History, Instruments, Buildings, Restauration

    (Event organised and sponsored by the Bergedorfer Zeitung)

    • Grußwort (Welcome address): Prof. Dr. Jürgen Schmitt,
      Director of Hamburg Observatory

    • Guided tours through the observatory
      (Förderverein Hamburger Sternwarte)
      (English: M. Hünsch, G. Wolfschmidt)
      (German: A. Seemann, H. Schlepegrell, W.-D. Kollmann)
      There are different options: Architecture, Instruments, Restauration
      • Dr. Agnes Seemann:
        Die Hamburger Sternwarte -- Ein Kulturdenkmal von nationaler und internationaler Bedeutung
      • Dipl.-Arch. Henry Schlepegrell:
        Restauration activities of the observatory buildings - past and future

    • 18.00-18.30 h - Dr. Peter Müller, Köln, Germany:
      The Observatory of Hamburg-Bergedorf,
      compared with other Observatories about 1900

    • Guided tours through the observatory (German)

    • Coffee break / Reception

    • 19.30 - 21 h - Panel discussion (Podiumsdiskussion):
      Observatories as Universal Heritage
      (Der Weg zum Weltkulturerbe?)
      • Prof. Dr. Michael Petzet, München, Präsident des Deutschen Nationalkomitees von ICOMOS
      • Architektin Annette Liebeskind,
        Deutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz
      • Prof. Dr. Karin von Welck,
        Senatorin fr Kultur, Sport und Medien
      • Prof. Dr. Monika Auweter-Kurtz,
        Präsidentin der Universität Hamburg
      • Moderation: Ulf-Peter Busse, Bergedorfer Zeitung

    • Reception in the observatory

Thursday, 16. October 2008

  • 9 - 12.30 h - Haus im Park in Bergedorf

    4. Astronomical Observatories around 1900

    Chairperson: Suzanne Débarbat, Paris, France

    • Pedro Raposo, Oxford/Lisbon:
      The material culture of nineteenth-century astrometry,
      its circulation and heritage at the Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon
    • Christophe Benoist, Nice, France / Istanbul:
      Two observatories in Istanbul: from the late Ottoman Empire
      to the young Turkish Republic
    • Marcus Granato, Rio de Janeiro, Brasilia:
      Heritage and the observatories in Brazil around 1900, a brief review

    • Coffee Break

    Chairperson: Ileana Chinnici, Palermo, Italy

    • Jim Caplan, Marseille, France:
      The Marseille Observatory: the final move.
      A case study in the conservation of astronomical heritage.
    • Anneliese Schnell, Vienna, Austria:
      The University Observatory Vienna
    • Lajos G. Balázs and Magda Vargha, Budapest, Hungary:
      The first 50 years of Konkoly Observatory

    12.30 - 14 h - Lunch break

  • 14 - 17.30 h - Haus im Park in Bergedorf

    5. Cultural Heritage of Observatories

    Chairperson: Viktor K. Abalakin, St. Petersburg, Russia

    • Magda Stavinschi and Catalin Mosoia, Bucharest, Romania:
      Considering heritage as part of astronomy -
      100 years of Bucharest Observatory
    • Gloria Clifton, Greenwich, UK
      The Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London:
      presenting a small observatory site to the public
    • Reet Mägi, Tartu, Estonia:
      The Heritage of the 200-year-old University Observatory in Tartu

    • Coffee Break

    Chairperson: James Caplan, Marseille, France

    • Juan Carlos Forte and Sofia A. Cora, La Plata, Argentina:
      La Plata Astronomic Observatory
    • Françoise Le Guet Tully, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice, France and
      Hamid Sadsaoud, Observatoire d'Alger, Algeria:
      Astronomical heritage sites: two early "mountain" observatories on the Mediterranean coast
    • Brian Mason, Washington, D.C., USA:
      U.S. Naval Observatory

  • Evening: 19 - 22 h
    City Hall (Rathaus, Großer Festsaal) in Hamburg

    6. "175 Years Hamburg Observatory"

    • Grußworte (Welcome) Staatsrat Bernd Reinert
      (State Secretary of the Ministry of Science and Research),
      Behörde für Wissenschaft und Forschung
    • Grußworte (Welcome address) Frau Prof. Dr. Monika Auweter-Kurtz,
      Präsidentin der Universität Hamburg

    • Lecture by Prof. Dr. Rudolf Kippenhahn (Göttingen):
      Faszination Astronomie - Die letzten zwei Jahrhunderte
    • Lecture by Prof. Dr. Dieter Reimers (Hamburg):
      Geschichte und Zukunft der Hamburger Sternwarte

    Senatsempfang (Reception) in the City Hall Hamburg (Rathaus)


Friday, 17. October 2008

  • 9 - 12.30 h - Haus im Park in Bergedorf

    7. Instruments, restoration and virtual heritage

    Chairperson: Paolo Brenni, Florence, Italy

    • Jean Davoigneau, Strasbourg, France:
      The architectural and instrumental heritage
      of the Strasbourg university observatory
    • Martin Solc, Prague, Czech Republic:
      Prague and Ondrejov Observatory
    • Ileana Chinnici, Palermo, Italy:
      Italian Astronomical Observatories
      and their historical instruments collections

    • Coffee Break

    Chairperson: Inga Elmqvist Söderlund, Stockholm, Sweden

    • Shylaja B. S. (Bangalore, India)
      Advent of Astronomical Instruments and their impact -
      the Indian context
    • Matthias Hünsch, Hamburg, Germany:
      The telescopes of Hamburg Observatory -
      history and present situation
    • Ruth Keller-Kempas, Berlin, Germany:
      [Possibilities and strategies for the conservation
      of technical objects like telescopes]
    • Beatrix Alscher, Berlin, Germany:
      The 1m-Reflector - an object of technical heritage
      and a concept of its restoration / preservation

      12.30 - 14.00 h - Lunch break

  • 14.00 - 15.30 h - Haus im Park in Bergedorf

    7. Instruments, restoration and virtual heritage

    Chairperson: Gudrun Wolfschmidt, Hamburg, Germany

    • Paolo Brenni, Florence, Italy
      Non astronomical research in astronomical observatories
    • Björn Kunzmann, Hamburg, Germany and
      Peter Kroll, Sternwarte Sonneberg:
      Real and Virtual Heritage -
      Digitized Photographic Plate Archives in Astronomical Observatories

    • Closing remarks: Frank Pieter Hesse,
      Leiter des Denkmalschutzamtes Hamburg

    End of the symposium

    Poster

    • Gaye Danisan (Istanbul)
      Istanbul University Observatory with its Past, Present, and Future

    Additional offer:

    Gudrun Wolfschmidt:

    Guided tour through Hamburg
    to places of interest in respect to history of astronomy

    Closing dinner.



List of participants

Invited Speakers

(already confirmed)


  1. La Plata, Argentina (* 1886)
    Juan Carlos Forte and Sofia A. Cora
    [La Plata Observatory]

  2. Rio de Janeiro, Observatório Nacional, Brasilia (* 1827)
    1921 São Cristóvão
    Marcus Granato
    Heritage and the observatories in Brazil around 1900, a brief review

  3. Observatorio Astronómico Nacional, Mérida, Venezuela (* 1954-71)
    Pedro Chalbaud
    The Truncated Modernization (1950-1959): Eduardo Röhl and the Observatories of Cagigal and Hamburg. A look from the outside.

  4. U.S. Naval Observatory, Washington, D.C., USA (* 1910)
    Brian Mason
    U.S. Naval Observatory

  5. Indian observatories
    B.S. Shylaja (Bangalore, India)
    Advent of Astronomical Instruments and their impact -- the Indian context

  6. India
    Prof. Dr. Rajesch K. Kochhar (Chandigarh, India)
    (Former Director NISTADS, New Delhi)
    Org Secy IAU Commission 41 ``History of Astronomy''
    Astronomical Heritage: Towards a global perspective and action

  7. Pulkovo, St. Petersburg, Russia (* 1839)
    Viktor Abalakin
    Vera Kuntsevskaya
    The Pulkovo Observatory on the Centuries' Borderline

  8. Observatory Bucharest, Romania (* 1908)
    President of the IAU Commission 46
    President of the Committe for Archeoastronomy of SEAC
    Magda Stavinschi and Catalin Mosoia
    Considering heritage as part of astronomy - 100 years of Bucharest Observatory

  9. Tartu observatory, Estonia
    Reet Mägi, Director of the University Museum
    The Heritage of the 200-year-old University Observatory in Tartu

  10. Ondrejov and Prague, Czech Republic
    Martin Solc
    Prague and Ondrejov observatory

  11. Konkoly Observatory, Budapest, Hungary (* 1926)
    Lajos G. Balázs and Magda Vargha
    The first 50 years of Konkoly Observatory

  12. Wien Universitäts-Sternwarte, Austria (* 1883)
    Dr. Anneliese Schnell
    The University Observatory Vienna

  13. Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory, France (* 1877/1881)
    Jean Davoigneau
    The architectural and instrumental heritage of the Strasbourg university observatory

  14. Observatoire de Marseille, France (* 1702, 1860s)
    Jim Caplan
    The Marseille Observatory: the final move. A case study in the conservation of astronomical heritage.

  15. Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, Nice, France (* 1888)
    Françoise Le Guet Tully
    Astronomical heritage sites: two early "mountain" observatories on the Mediterranean coast

  16. Observatoire d'Alger (CRAAG), Algeria (* 1856, 1880s)
    Hamid Sadsaoud
    Astronomical heritage sites: two early "mountain" observatories on the Mediterranean coast

  17. Istanbul, Turkey
    Christophe Benoist
    Two observatories in Istanbul: from the late Ottoman Empire to the young Turkish Republic

  18. Istanbul, Turkey
    Gaye Danisan
    Istanbul University Observatory with its Past, Present, and Future

  19. Observatorio Lisbon, Portugal (* 1861)
    Pedro Raposo (St. Catherine's College, Oxford and
    Centre for the History of Science of the University of Lisbon)
    The material culture of nineteenth-century astrometry, its circulation and heritage at the Astronomical Observatory of Lisbon

  20. Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy
    Ileana Chinnici
    Italian Astronomical Observatories and their historical instruments collections

  21. Firenze, Italy
    Paolo Brenni
    Non astronomical research in astronomical observatories

  22. Greenwich, UK
    Gloria Clifton
    The Royal Observatory, Greenwich, London:
    presenting a small observatory site to the public

  23. Paris, France (* 1667)
    Suzanne Débarbat
    At the Belle Epoque, astronomy and astrophysics at the Observatoire de Paris

  24. UNESCO
    Anna Sidorenko-Dulom (Paris) ?
    Focal Point for Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe
    Europe and North America Section
    Coordinator Thematic Initiative ,,Astronomy and World Heritage"'
    UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris

  25. Sternwarte Sonneberg
    Dr. Peter Kroll
    Real and Virtual Heritage - Digitized Photographic Plate Archives in Astronomical Observatories

  26. Hamburg, Germany
    Björn Kunzmann
    Real and Virtual Heritage - Digitized Photographic Plate Archives in Astronomical Observatories

  27. Köln, Germany
    Peter Müller
    The Observatory of Hamburg-Bergedorf,
    compared with other Observatories about 1900

  28. Hamburg, Germany
    Dr. Agnes Seemann
    Die Hamburger Sternwarte -- Ein Kulturdenkmal von nationaler und internationaler Bedeutung

  29. Hamburg, Germany
    Henry Schlepegrell
    Restauration activities of the observatory buildings - past and future

  30. Hamburg, Germany
    Matthias Hünsch
    The telescopes of Hamburg Observatory - history and present situation

  31. Berlin, FHTW, Restaurierung/Konservierung von Technischem Kulturgut
    Ruth Keller-Kempas
    (Possibilities and strategies for the conservation of technical objects like telescopes)

  32. Berlin, FHTW, Restaurierung/Konservierung von Technischem Kulturgut
    Beatrix Alscher
    The 1m-Reflector - an object of technical heritage and a concept of its restoration / preservation

  33. Hamburg, Germany
    Gudrun Wolfschmidt
    Introduction: Cultural Heritage of Observatories and Instruments -
    From Classical Astronomy to Modern Astrophysics



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Symposium Topics

  • History of the observatories around 1900
  • Architecture
    (building in the national list of monument protection?)
  • Instruments and their makers
  • Important astronomers or instrument makers
  • Importance in the scientific community in respect to astronomical research
    (transfer from classical astronomy to modern astrophysics)
  • Importance of the observatory in respect to history of science and technology
    (importance for navigation, time keeping, surveying, ...)
  • Handling of the heritage - monument protection
    (condition of the buildings and instruments, restoration, future plans)
  • Handling of other kind of heritage
    • library
    • archive material and photo collection
    • photo plate archive
  • Activities for the public understanding of science
    (lectures, public observatory, planetarium, exhibitions,
    day of the open house, activities for schools,
    cultural and musical events, ...)



Hamburg Observatory

The Hamburg Observatory was built at its present location in Hamburg-Bergedorf between 1906 and 1912. The buildings mirror the architecture of that time, and the instruments form an important historical record of astronomical research. The whole ensemble was put under monument protection in 1996 due to its significance in cultural history.

Hamburg observatory has a long tradition. It was founded by Johann Georg Repsold (1770-1830) in 1802 and became a State Institute in 1833. In the 19th century positional astronomy, combined with a time service for navigation, played an important role, and the institute was well known in the astronomical world for its achievements. In the 20th century astrophysics started to play the dominant role.

The "Förderverein Hamburger Sternwarte" (Friends of Hamburg Observatory), founded in 1998, helps to open the observatory to the public by organising various events like lectures, guided tours, Long Nights of Museums, Open Days, exhibitions, observing activities and cultural events (lyric moonlit nights, musical presentations).


Links


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Zentrum für Geschichte der Naturwissenschaft und Technik tuer-go - Homepage Wolfschmidt - Impressum
E-Mail: Gudrun Wolfschmidt
April 15, 2008, last update: 26. August 2013